How does Islam Guarantee Human Rights?

According to the Quran, God has created all of humankind equal, and has given each the right to pursue their own destiny. The life, honor, and property of all people in a Muslim society are considered sacred, whether the person is Muslim or not. Racism and prejudice of any sort are unacceptable in Islam. The Quran speaks of human equality in the following terms:

O humankind! We created you from a male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, so that you may come to know one another. Truly, the most honored of you in God’s sight is the greatest of you in piety. God is All-Knowing, All-Aware. (Quran 49:13)

The right to life is the most basic of human rights; the Quran equates the unjust killing of a single person to the killing of all humankind: And whoever kills a soul… it is as though he has killed all of humanity. (Quran 5:32)

Dealing equitably and protecting the rights of every individual is the cornerstone of Muslim society. God further states in the Quran:

O you who believe! Stand up firmly for God, as witnesses to fair dealings, and let not hatred of a people invite you to act inequitably; act justly, for that is nearer to piety, and be conscious of (your duty to) God, surely God is aware of all that you do. (Quran 5:8)